Industry: Health & Fitness
JetBrains products used: Kotlin Multiplatform
Down Dog ↗ is the innovative start up that brings a studio-like yoga experience to your mobile device. With Down Dog you get a brand new yoga routine every time you come to your mat.
Unlike following pre-recorded videos, Down Dog won’t make you do the same workout over and over again. With over 60,000 different configurations, Down Dog gives you the power to build a yoga practice you love!
This app brings yoga to over 500k subscribers on both Android and iOS, with over 100k users completing a practice daily. The app has 200k reviews on iOS and over 100k on Android, with an average rating of 4.9 on both platforms. And what is this incredible app built with? Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile!
The story behind Down Dog
In 2015, having worked at Google for three years, co-founder of Down Dog Benjamin Simon started to feel frustrated with the size of Google and his inability to drive progress forward as an individual programmer. He had recently become obsessed with yoga and was in the middle of finishing a yoga teacher training program. It suddenly dawned on him that the logic for yoga sequencing they were learning could be put into code in order to generate semi-random sequences much like an instructor does, which was the seed idea for Down Dog. So, with an old college friend, he began to work on bringing the practice of yoga to people’s mobile phones.
It has now been about six years since the first prototype. Certain parts have remained unchanged; the same original set up of a Tomcat backend server still runs on AWS that communicates with a PostgreSQL database. The first version was a prototype that only existed as a web app (written in TypeScript). When they then committed to Down Dog, that prototype was thrown out and they built the first iOS app using Swift, which launched in August of 2015. In March of 2016 the Android app followed, which was written in Java. Around September of 2016, the decision was made to switch to Kotlin for Android and the server, which only took about a month (with the help of IntelliJ IDEA’s auto-converter). 6 months later, the web version of Down Dog was launched, which was built using KotlinJS.
At this point, code was not being shared between any of the three clients, but they were being written in parallel so that changes to the business logic were essentially a copy-paste job (plus syntax changes when converting to Swift). At the beginning of 2020, Down Dog switched to Kotlin Multiplatform and began sharing code among all three clients for everything but layouts and other platform code. The team has even moved the majority of their iOS platform code from Swift to Kotlin, so that their entire project is now Kotlin with the exception of around 5 Swift files.
Down Dog under the hood
In terms of what is native, it is mostly just the view code. There’s also network interaction, media playback, local storage, and third-party integrations like Facebook login. The rest is Kotlin.
Under the hood, there's a module structure that looks roughly like this:
Common: multiplatform module containing code shared across the clients and server (mostly various helpers that have been written).
Base: a kotlin-jvm module that depends on ‘common’ and contains non-client code used by the server as well as in standalone tasks.
Server: a kotlin-jvm module that depends on ‘base’ and contains all of the Servlets. This module uses the gretty plugin for running the server locally, and the war plugin for deploying to AWS Tomcat servers.
Tasks: a kotlin-jvm module that depends on ‘base’ and contains various standalone tasks that need to run (database cleanup, generating reports, certain content-specific tasks).
Android: a kotlin-android module that depends on ‘client’ and contains the Activity class, which calls code in ‘client’ to initialize the app.
Story of the mobile application
The speed of development for the app was probably the single biggest priority. Launching features simultaneously on all platforms is an important component of this and also helps prevent bugs. Even before we were actually sharing code, we did parallel development and kept the three clients up-to-date with each other. Performance is definitely an important consideration, which makes being able to interact with the platforms directly very important (especially with the media playback API’s).
Gains from using cross-platform
Now, the speed of development across the three client platforms is pretty much unmatched. A single engineer is able to do all of the UI implementations, now does all three clients and has re-skinned or otherwise changed the screens in Down Dog in just a few months.
If you are putting off using Kotlin for whatever reason, Benjamin has just one last suggestion for you: “Just do it. You won’t look back.”