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Compiler Plugins

All-open compiler plugin

Kotlin has classes and their members final by default, which makes it inconvenient to use frameworks and libraries such as Spring AOP that require classes to be open. The all-open compiler plugin adapts Kotlin to the requirements of those frameworks and makes classes annotated with a specific annotation and their members open without the explicit open keyword.

For instance, when you use Spring, you don't need all the classes to be open, but only classes annotated with specific annotations like @Configuration or @Service. All-open allows to specify such annotations.

We provide all-open plugin support both for Gradle and Maven with the complete IDE integration.

:point_up: For Spring you can use the kotlin-spring compiler plugin (see below).

Using in Gradle

Add the plugin artifact to the buildscript dependencies and apply the plugin:

buildscript {
    dependencies {
        classpath "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-allopen:$kotlin_version"
    }
}

apply plugin: "kotlin-allopen"

As an alternative, you can enable it using the plugins block:

plugins {
  id "org.jetbrains.kotlin.plugin.allopen" version "1.2.0"
}

Then specify the list of annotations that will make classes open:

allOpen {
    annotation("com.my.Annotation")
    // annotations("com.another.Annotation", "com.third.Annotation")
}

If the class (or any of its superclasses) is annotated with com.my.Annotation, the class itself and all its members will become open.

It also works with meta-annotations:

@com.my.Annotation
annotation class MyFrameworkAnnotation

@MyFrameworkAnnotation
class MyClass // will be all-open

MyFrameworkAnnotation is annotated with the all-open meta-annotation com.my.Annotation, so it becomes an all-open annotation as well.

Using in Maven

Here's how to use all-open with Maven:

<plugin>
    <artifactId>kotlin-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <groupId>org.jetbrains.kotlin</groupId>
    <version>${kotlin.version}</version>

    <configuration>
        <compilerPlugins>
            <!-- Or "spring" for the Spring support -->
            <plugin>all-open</plugin>
        </compilerPlugins>

        <pluginOptions>
            <!-- Each annotation is placed on its own line -->
            <option>all-open:annotation=com.my.Annotation</option>
            <option>all-open:annotation=com.their.AnotherAnnotation</option>
        </pluginOptions>
    </configuration>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.jetbrains.kotlin</groupId>
            <artifactId>kotlin-maven-allopen</artifactId>
            <version>${kotlin.version}</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</plugin>

Please refer to the "Using in Gradle" section above for the detailed information about how all-open annotations work.

Spring support

If you use Spring, you can enable the kotlin-spring compiler plugin instead of specifying Spring annotations manually. The kotlin-spring is a wrapper on top of all-open, and it behaves exactly the same way.

As with all-open, add the plugin to the buildscript dependencies:

buildscript {
    dependencies {
        classpath "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-allopen:$kotlin_version"
    }
}

apply plugin: "kotlin-spring" // instead of "kotlin-allopen"

Or using the Gradle plugins DSL:

plugins {
  id "org.jetbrains.kotlin.plugin.spring" version "1.2.0"
}

In Maven, enable the spring plugin:

<compilerPlugins>
    <plugin>spring</plugin>
</compilerPlugins>

The plugin specifies the following annotations: @Component, @Async, @Transactional, @Cacheable and @SpringBootTest. Thanks to meta-annotations support classes annotated with @Configuration, @Controller, @RestController, @Service or @Repository are automatically opened since these annotations are meta-annotated with @Component.

Of course, you can use both kotlin-allopen and kotlin-spring in the same project.

Note that if you use the project template generated by the start.spring.io service, the kotlin-spring plugin will be enabled by default.

Using in CLI

All-open compiler plugin JAR is available in the binary distribution of the Kotlin compiler. You can attach the plugin by providing the path to its JAR file using the Xplugin kotlinc option:

-Xplugin=$KOTLIN_HOME/lib/allopen-compiler-plugin.jar

You can specify all-open annotations directly, using the annotation plugin option, or enable the "preset". The only preset available now for all-open is spring.

# The plugin option format is: "-P plugin:<plugin id>:<key>=<value>". 
# Options can be repeated.

-P plugin:org.jetbrains.kotlin.allopen:annotation=com.my.Annotation
-P plugin:org.jetbrains.kotlin.allopen:preset=spring

No-arg compiler plugin

The no-arg compiler plugin generates an additional zero-argument constructor for classes with a specific annotation.

The generated constructor is synthetic so it can’t be directly called from Java or Kotlin, but it can be called using reflection.

This allows the Java Persistence API (JPA) to instantiate the data class although it doesn't have the zero-parameter constructor from Kotlin or Java point of view (see the description of kotlin-jpa plugin below).

Using in Gradle

The usage is pretty similar to all-open.

Add the plugin and specify the list of annotations that must lead to generating a no-arg constructor for the annotated classes.

buildscript {
    dependencies {
        classpath "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-noarg:$kotlin_version"
    }
}

apply plugin: "kotlin-noarg"

Or using the Gradle plugins DSL:

plugins {
  id "org.jetbrains.kotlin.plugin.noarg" version "1.2.0"
}

Then specify the list of no-arg annotations:

noArg {
    annotation("com.my.Annotation")
}

Enable invokeInitializers option if you want the plugin to run the initialization logic from the synthetic constructor. Starting from Kotlin 1.1.3-2, it is disabled by default because of KT-18667 and KT-18668 which will be addressed in the future.

noArg {
    invokeInitializers = true
}

Using in Maven

<plugin>
    <artifactId>kotlin-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <groupId>org.jetbrains.kotlin</groupId>
    <version>${kotlin.version}</version>

    <configuration>
        <compilerPlugins>
            <!-- Or "jpa" for JPA support -->
            <plugin>no-arg</plugin>
        </compilerPlugins>

        <pluginOptions>
            <option>no-arg:annotation=com.my.Annotation</option>
            <!-- Call instance initializers in the synthetic constructor -->
            <!-- <option>no-arg:invokeInitializers=true</option> -->
        </pluginOptions>
    </configuration>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.jetbrains.kotlin</groupId>
            <artifactId>kotlin-maven-noarg</artifactId>
            <version>${kotlin.version}</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</plugin>

JPA support

As with the kotlin-spring plugin, kotlin-jpa is a wrapped on top of no-arg. The plugin specifies @Entity, @Embeddable and @MappedSuperclass no-arg annotations automatically.

That's how you add the plugin in Gradle:

buildscript {
    dependencies {
        classpath "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-noarg:$kotlin_version"
    }
}

apply plugin: "kotlin-jpa"

Or using the Gradle plugins DSL:

plugins {
  id "org.jetbrains.kotlin.plugin.jpa" version "1.2.0"
}

In Maven, enable the jpa plugin:

<compilerPlugins>
    <plugin>jpa</plugin>
</compilerPlugins>

Using in CLI

As with all-open, add the plugin JAR file to the compiler plugin classpath and specify annotations or presets:

-Xplugin=$KOTLIN_HOME/lib/noarg-compiler-plugin.jar
-P plugin:org.jetbrains.kotlin.noarg:annotation=com.my.Annotation
-P plugin:org.jetbrains.kotlin.noarg:preset=jpa